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Английский

Английский
СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

Наименование разделов
1. Введение
2. Образовательный маршрут
3. Содержание дисциплины
4. Контроль и оценка результатов освоения учебной дисциплины
6. Информационное обеспечение дисциплины


УВАЖАЕМЫЙ СТУДЕНТ!

Учебно-методический комплекс по дисциплине (далее УМКД) Иностранный язык (английский) создан Вам в помощь для работы на занятиях, при выполнении домашнего задания и подготовки к текущему и итоговому контролю по дисциплине. УМКД включает теоретический блок, перечень практических занятий и/или лабораторных работ, задания по самостоятельному изучению тем дисциплины, вопросы для самоконтроля, перечень точек рубежного контроля, а также вопросы и задания по промежуточной аттестации (при наличии экзамена).
Приступая к изучению новой учебной дисциплины, Вы должны внимательно изучить список рекомендованной основной и вспомогательной литературы. Из всего массива рекомендованной литературы следует опираться на литературу, указанную как основную.
По каждой теме в УМК перечислены основные понятия и термины, вопросы, необходимые для изучения (план изучения темы), а также краткая информация по каждому вопросу из подлежащих изучению. Наличие тезисной информации по теме позволит Вам вспомнить ключевые моменты, рассмотренные преподавателем на занятии.
Основные понятия курса приведены в глоссарии.
После изучения теоретического блока приведен перечень практических работ, выполнение которых обязательно. Наличие положительной оценки по практическим и/или лабораторным работам необходимо для получения зачета по дисциплине и/или допуска к экзамену, поэтому, в случае отсутствия на уроке по уважительной или неуважительной причине, Вам потребуется найти время и выполнить пропущенную работу.
В процессе изучения дисциплины предусмотрена самостоятельная внеаудиторная работа, включающая выполнение рефератов, написание сочинений, выполнение домашней работы по грамматике, заучивание монологических высказываний, составление словаря.
Содержание рубежного контроля (точек рубежного контроля) составлено на основе вопросов самоконтроля, приведенных по каждой теме. По итогам изучения дисциплины проводится дифференцированный зачет.

Дифференцированный зачет сдается по билетам либо в тестовом варианте, вопросы к которому приведены в конце УМКД.
В результате освоения дисциплины Вы должны уметь:
общаться (устно и письменно) на иностранном языке на профессиональные и повседневные темы;
переводить (со словарем) иностранные тексты профессиональной направленности;
самостоятельно совершенствовать устную и письменную речь, пополнять словарный запас.
В результате освоения дисциплины Вы должны знать:
лексический (1200-1400 лексических единиц) и грамматический минимум, необходимый для чтения и перевода (со словарем) иностранных текстов профессиональной направленности.

В результате освоения дисциплины у Вас должны формироваться общие компетенции (ОК):
Юрист должен обладать общими компетенциями, включающими в себя способность:
ОК 1. Понимать сущность и социальную значимость своей будущей профессии, проявлять к ней устойчивый интерес.
ОК 2. Организовывать собственную деятельность, определять методы и способы выполнения профессиональных задач, оценивать их эффективность и качество.
ОК 3. Решать проблемы, оценивать риски и принимать решения в нестандартных ситуациях.
ОК 4. Осуществлять поиск, анализ и оценку информации, необходимой для постановки и решения профессиональных задач, профессионального и личностного развития.
ОК 5. Использовать информационно-коммуникационные технологии для совершенствования профессиональной деятельности.
ОК 6. Работать в коллективе и команде, обеспечивать ее сплочение эффективно общаться с коллегами, руководством, потребителями.
ОК 7. Ставить цели, мотивировать деятельность подчиненных, организовывать и контролировать их работу с принятием на себя ответственности за результат выполнения заданий.
ОК 8. Самостоятельно определять задачи профессионального и личностного развития, заниматься самообразованием, осознанно планировать повышение квалификации.
ОК 9. Ориентироваться в условиях постоянного изменения правовой базы.
ОК 10. Соблюдать основы здорового образа жизни, требования охраны труда.
ОК 11. Соблюдать деловой этикет, культуру и психологические основы общения, нормы и правила поведения.
ОК 12. Проявлять нетерпимость к коррупционному поведению.

Учебный курс дисциплины (модуля) состоит из фиксированного в учебном плане количества теоретических и практических часов, часов самостоятельной работы студентов, а также итоговых (семестровых) форм контроля.

Оценка по «пятибалльной» системе Уровень освоения по ФГОС

1 2 (неудовлетворительно)
2 3 (удовлетворительно) ознакомительный
3 4 (хорошо) продуктивный
4 5 (отлично) репродуктивный

Внимание! Если в ходе изучения дисциплины у Вас возникают трудности, то Вы всегда можете прийти на дополнительные занятия к преподавателю, которые проводятся согласно графику. Время проведения консультаций Вы сможете узнать у преподавателя, а также познакомиться с графиком их проведения, размещенном на двери кабинета преподавателя.

ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНЫЙ МАРШРУТ ПО ДИСЦИПЛИНЕ

Таблица 1
Формы отчетности, обязательные для сдачи количество
лабораторные занятия —
практические занятия 122
Точки рубежного контроля КР
Итоговая аттестация Экзамен

Желаем Вам удачи!


СОДЕРЖАНИЕ ДИСЦИПЛИНЫ
Раздел 1

Тема 1.1 About Myself
First of all let me introduce myself. My name is Sergey. I’m seventeen years old. I’m at 11-th grade. There are two more kids in the family besides — my elder brother Oleg and my younger sister Olga. Oleg is twenty-one, he attends a University, he will be a dentist. Olga is only twelve, she is a schoolgirl. I forgot to mention one more member of our family. It’s our favourite poodle Tim.
My parents are not old at all. My Mum is forty, she works for newspaper. My Dad is forty-four, he is an engineer in computers. My parents love their jobs very much.
I’m doing quite well at school. My parents are proud of my marks. I go in for sports. I play basket-ball. In summer time I like yachting and windsurfing. I take part in different basket-ball competitions. In a year I shall finish my school and I have to decide what occupation to choose I have been studying English for seven years. I want to be a military interpreter. My grandparents are already retired. They like gardening and spend all their time growing tomatoes, potatoes, onions, strawberries, raspberries.

Vocabulary:
to introduce — представлять
let me introduce myself — разрешите представиться
residential — жилой
residential areas — жилые районы
grade — класс в школе
to attend university — ходить в университет
kid — ребенок
favourite — любимец, любимый
poodle — пудель
to forget — забывать
job — работа
proud — гордый
to be proud of smth — гордиться чем-то
to go in for sports — увлекаться спортом
occupation — занятие, род занятий, профессия
military — военный
interpreter — переводчик
to retire — быть на пенсии
Грамматика:
Спряжение глагола to be (быть)
в Present Simple Tense (Present Indefinite Tense)
I am He is She is It is We are You are They are
Am I? Is he? Is she? Is it? Are we? Are you? Are they?
I am not He is not She is not It is not We are not You are not They are not
Yes, I am Yes, he is Yes, she is Yes, it is Yes, we are Yes, you are Yes, they are
No, I am not No, he isn’t No, she isn’t No, it isn’t No, we aren’t No, you aren’t No, they aren’t
Вставьте глагол to be в Present Simple.
1. I … a pupil. 2. My father … not a teacher, he … a scientist. 3. … your aunt a doctor? — Yes, she … . 4. … they at home? — — No, they … not at borne, they … at work. 5. My brother … a worker. He … at work. 6. … you an engineer? — — Yes, I…. 7. … your sister a typist? No, she … not a typist, she … a student. 8. … your brother at school? — — Yes, he … . 9. … your sister at school? — No, she … not at school. 10. My … sister … at home. 11. … this your watch? • Yes, it … . 12. She … an actress. 13. This … my bag. 14. My uncle … an office-worker. 15. He … at work. 16. Helen … a painter. She has some fine pictures. They … on the walls. She has much paper. It … on the shelf. The shelf … brown. It … on the wall. Helen has a brother. He … a student. He has a family. His family … not in St. Petersburg, it … in Moscow.
To Be
Спряжение глагола to be (быть)
в Past Simple Tense
(Past Indefinite Tense)
I was I was not
He was He was not
She was She was not
It was It was not
We were We were not
You were You were not
They were They were not

Was I? Yes, I was No, I wasn’t
Was he? Yes, he was No, he wasn’t
Was she? Yes, she was No, she wasn’t
Was it? Yes, it was No, it wasn’t
Were we? Yes, we were No, we weren’t
Were you?
Were they? Yes, you were
Yes, they were No, you weren’t
No, they weren’t

Спряжение глагола to be (быть) в Future Simple Tense (Future Indefinite Tense)
I shall be
He will be
She will be
It will be I shall not be
He will not be
She will not be
It will not be
We shall be
You will be
They will be We shall not be
You will not be
They will not be
Shall I be?
Will he be?
Will she be?
Will it be? Yes, I shall
Yes, he will
Yes, she will
Yes, it will No, I shan’t
No, he won’t
No, she won’t
No, it won’t
Shall we be?
Will you be?
Will they be? Yes, we shall
Yes, you will
Yes, they will No, we shan’t
No, you won’t
No, they won’t

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения:

Вставьте глагол to be в Present, Past или Future Simple.
1, My father … a teacher. 2. He … a pupil twen¬ty years ago. 3. I… a doctor when I grow up. 4. My sister … not … at home tomorrow. 5. She … at school tomorrow. 6. … you … at home tomorrow? 7,… your father at work yesterday? 8. My sister … ill last week. 9. She … not ill now. 10. Yesterday we… at the theatre. 11. Where … your mother now? — She … in the kitchen. 12. Where … you yesterday? — I … at the cinema. 13. When I come home tomorrow, all my family … at home. 14. … your little sister in bed now? — Yes, she … 15. … you… at school tomorrow? — Yes I … . 16. When my granny… young, she … an actress. 17. My friend K,,. in Moscow now. 18. He … in St. Petersburg to¬morrow. 19. Where … your books now? — They … in my bag.
Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глагол to be в Present, Past или Future Simple.
1. Мой брат сейчас в школе. 2. Мой брат был вчера в кино. 3. Мой брат будет завтра дома. 4. Ты будешь дома завтра? 5. Она была вчера в парке? 6 Он сейчас во дворе? 7. Где папа? 8. Где выбыли вчера? 9. Где он будет завтра? 10. Мои книги были на столе. Где они сейчас? 11. Моя мама вчера не была на работе. Она была дома. 12, Мой друг не в парке. Он в школе. 13. Завтра в три часа Коля и Миша будут во дворе. 14. Мы не были на юге прошлым летом. Мы были в Москве. 15. Завтра мой дедушка будет в дерев¬не. 16. Когда твоя сестра будет дома? 17. Ты бу¬дешь летчиком? — Нет, я буду моряком. 18. Моя сестра была студенткой в прошлом году, a сейчас она врач. — Ты тоже будешь врачом? — Нет, я не буду врачом. Я буду инженером.
About myself (2)

It is both pleasant and a bit difficult to speak about myself. It is pleasant because every person enjoys speaking about his or her interests, likes or dislikes. But at the same time it is difficult because to study a person, especially yourself, it is a great journey, not a little walk.
Speaking about my character I’d like first of all to define what character is. These are some qualities that make a person different from others. People often say about me that I am not like others. I don’t think that I am something special. When candles are out all cats are grey. But of course if you come closer and turn on the light you can see that some features are typical to me.

But to cut the long story short I think I am a good humoured, very responsible, hard working and emotional person. I like creativity and appreciate this trait in others. I don’t like to he and I feel when others do. I try not to be late and I hate when others don’t come on time. I prefer to associate with clever and polite people. It is very annoying when somebody whom I trust turns out to be unreliable. But I try to treat other people so as I want them to treat me. I see the man whom I am looking for also as a person with a strong and sound body and mind. The person, who is interesting to talk to, whom I can trust and rely on.

Vocabulary

at the same time — в то же время, одновременно
to define [di’fam] — определять, давать определение
When candles are out all cats are grey — в темноте все кошки серые
feature — особенность, характерная черта
to cut the long story short — короче говоря
responsible — ответственный, дисциплинированный; надежный
creativity — творчество
to appreciate [∂’prii∫ieit] — (высоко) ценить
to lie [lai] — лгать, обманывать
to associate with [a’saufieit] — общаться с
annoying — раздражающий; досадный; надоедливый
to trust — верить, доверять(ся), полагаться (на кого-л.)
to treat — обращаться, обходиться, вести себя по отношению к кому-л.; относиться
to rely on — полагаться, надеяться; доверять, быть уверенным
psychology [sai’kol∂dpi] — психология
to deal with — иметь дело с кем-л.
to adore [∂’do:] — обожать

Questions
1. Why is it both pleasant and a bit difficult to speak about oneself?
2. What can you tell about your character?
3. What personal qualities do you appreciate?
4. What are you fond of doing?
5. What do you hate that other people do?
6. What is it annoying to you about other people?
7. How do you try to treat other people?
8. What are your interests and hobbies?
9. What do you adore doing?

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения

Составьте и выучите краткое описание своего друга (12-15 предл.).

Тема 1.2 About My Family

My family is not very big, just a typical family: Dad, Mom, me, my brother and sister and our cat. My Mummy is forty-one, she is a teacher of Spanish at the University. She is a born teacher. She has teaching abilities. My Dad is forty-two, he is a professional painter, he works for a design company. My parents both like their work very much.
My elder sister Natasha is nineteen, she goes to the University, she wants to be a teacher of history. She is fond of reading books on history and fiction. My younger brother Igor is only six years old, he goes to the kindergarten. He is very funny, I like to spend my free time teaching him something. Igor likes to play with our cat.
My grandparents are retired. They like gardening. They spend a lot of their time in the garden. They grow vegetables and fruits. We enjoy having fresh vegetables and green on our dinner table. I love my family very much. We always help each other. Everyone in my family is my best friend.

Vocabulary:

typical- типичный Spanish — испанский
ability — способность
painter — художник
fiction — художественная литература
funny — смешной
to spend — проводить
to grow — выращивать
to enjoy — наслаждаться
green — зелень
to be fond of smth. — нравиться кому-либо
Questions:

1. How many are there in the family?
2. Do you have a brother or a sister?
3. Where do your parents work?
4. Do your parents understand you?
5. In what way do you help your parents?
6. How old are your grandparents?
7. How do you get along with your family?
8. Which of the parents do you want to be like?

Грамматика:
Present Simple
Спряжение глагола to work (работать) в Present Simple Tense (Present Indefinite Tense)
(действие совершается обычно)
I work I do not work
He works He does not work
She works She does not work
It works It does not work
We work We do not work
You work You do not work
They work They do not work
Do I work? Yes, I do No, I don’t
Does
Does
Does he work? Yes, he does
she work? Yes, she does
it work? Yes, it does No, he doesn’t
No, she doesn’t
No, it doesn’t
Do we work? Yes, we do No, we don’t
Do you work? Yes, you do
Do they work? Yes, they do No, you don’t
No, they don’t

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения

Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла¬голы в Present Simple.
(USUALLY) 1. My sister (to get) up at eight o’clock. 2. She (to be) a school-girl. She (to go) to school in the afternoon. 3. Jane (to be) fond of sports. She (to do) her morning exercises every day. 4. For breakfast she (to have) two eggs, a sandwich and a cup of tea. 5. After breakfast she (to go) to school. 6. It (to take) him two hours to do his homework. 7. She (to speak) French well. 8, My working day (to begin) at seven o’clock. I (to get) up, (to switch) on the radio and (to do) my morning exercises. It (to take) me fifteen minutes, At half past seven we (to have) breakfast. My fa¬ther and I (to leave) home at eight o’clock. He (to take) a bus to his factory. My mother (to be) a doctor, she (to leave) home at nine o’clock. In the evening we (to gather) in the living-room. We (to watch) TV and (to talk).
Составьте и выучите рассказ о своей семье (12-15 предл.).

Тема 1.3 My Flat and My Room

We live in a new 16-storeyed block of flats. It’s situated in a very picturesque place. There’s a big supermarket on the ground floor and it’s very convenient to do everyday shopping.
Our flat is on the fifth floor. It’s very comfortable and well-planned. We have all modern conveniences, such as central heating, electricity, gas, cold and hot running water, and telephone. There are three rooms, a kitchen, a bathroom, and a hall in our flat. There’s also a balcony and we can enjoy a lovely view of the river.
The largest room in our flat is the living room and we use it as a dining I room also. In the middle of the room there is a big table and six chairs round it. Opposite the window there is a wall unit with lots of books, a TV-set, and a video cassette recorder. There are two comfortable armchairs and a small coffee table in the right-hand corner. There is also a sofa and an electric fire in our living room. We like the living room best of all, so in the evenings we gather there to have tea, watch TV, talk, and rest.
My room is the smallest room in our flat, but it is very cosy and light. There is a bed, a wardrobe, a desk, an armchair, and several bookshelves here. There is a thick carpet on the floor. The walls in my room are light brown and there are some big posters on them. I like my room very much, but from time to time I change it round. I quite often move the bed and change the posters on the wall.
Our kitchen is large and light. It is very well-equipped. We have got a refrigerator, a freezer, a microwave oven, a coffeemaker, and a toaster. We haven’t got a dishwasher yet, because it is very expensive. But I’m sure w shall buy it in the nearest future.

Vocabulary
16-storeyed — 16-этажный
block of flats — многоквартирный дом
picturesque [‘pikt∫∂resk] — живописный c
convenient [k∂n’vinj∂nt] — удобный, подходящий
well-planned — хорошо спланированный
modern conveniences — современные удобства
central heating — центральное отопление
running water — водопроводная вода
view of — вид на
wall unit — стенка
cosy — уютный
wardrobe [‘wo:dr∂ub] — платяной шкаф
poster — плакат
to change round — менять местами (мебель и т. п.)
well-equipped — хорошо оборудованный
microwave oven — микроволновая печь
dishwasher — посудомоечная машина

Questions
1. Do you live in a house or in a block of flats?
2. Which floor is your flat on?
3. Is your flat well-planned? Is it comfortable?
4. How many rooms are there in your flat?
5. Have you got a dining room (a sitting room, a study)?
6. Where do you usually have your meals?
7. Is there much furniture in your flat? Do you change it round from time to time?
H. What is there in your room?
9. Are there any pictures on the walls of your flat?
10. What colour are the walls in your room?
11. What is your kitchen like?
12. How often do you redecorate the rooms?

Грамматика: Конструкция There is/are
There isn’t/aren’t
Конструкция There is/are служит для выражения наличия (отсутствия) какого-либо предмета в определенном месте или в определенное время. Перевод такого предложения нужно начинать с обстоятельства места (т.е. с конца предложения), а если его нет, то со сказуемого. Выбор формы глагола to be зависит от числа существительного, следующего сразу за ним:
There is a chair and two armchairs in the room. There are two armchairs in the room.
Вставьте глагол to be в нужной форме:
1. There … a telegram on the table. 2. …there any telegrams from Moscow? Yes, there … some. 3. …there … a flight for Moscow tomorrow? 4. There … much snow last winter. 5. There … a lot of stars and planets in space. 6. … there … a lift in your future house? Yes, there … 7. Some years ago there … many old houses in our street. 8. … there any lectures yesterday? No, there … 9. … there a lamp over the table? Yes, there … 10. … there any interesting stories in this book?

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения:

Составьте описание своей квартиры (дома) с использованием изученных грамматических конструкций.

Present Continuous Tense

Спряжение глагола to work (работать) в Present Continuous Tense
(Present Progressive Tense)
(действие в процессе, совершается в тот момент, когда о нем говорят)
I am working
Не is working
She is working
It is working
I am not working
Не is not working
She is not working
It is not working
We are working
You are working
They are working We are not working
You are not working
They are not working
Am I Yes, I am No, I am not
working?

Is he Yes, he is No, he isn’t
working?
Is she Yes, she is No, she isn’t
working?
Is it Yes, it is No, it isn’t
working?

Are we Yes, we are No, we aren’t
working?
Are you Yes, you are No, you aren’t
working?
Are they Yes, they are No, they aren’t
working?

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения

Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла¬голы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.
I (to read) now. He (to sleep) now. We (to drink) tea now. They (to go) to school now. I (not to sleep) now. She (not to drink) coffee now. I (to read) every day. He (to sleep) every night. We (to drink) tea every morning. They (to go) to school eve¬ry morning. I (not to sleep) in the day¬time. She (not to drink) cof¬fee after lunch. We (not to watch) TV now. They (not to eat) now. My mother (not to work) now. You (to work ) now? He (to play) now? They (to eat) now? Your sister (to rest) now? What you (to do) now? What you (to read) now? What they (to eat) now? What your brother (to drink) now? We (not to watch) TV in the morning. They (not to eat) at the lesson. My mother (not to work) at an office. You (to work) every day? He (to play) in the after¬noon? They (to eat) at school? Your sister (to rest) af¬ter school? What you (to do) every morning? What you (to read) after dinner? What they (to eat) at breakfast? What your brother (to drink) in the evening?

Тема 1.4 My Working Day

I want to say that all weekdays except weekends look very much the same.
On weekdays the alarm clock wakes me up at about 7 o’clock and my working day begins. I’m not an early riser that’s why it’s very difficult for me to get out of bed, especially in winter. I switch on my tape-recorder and do my morning exercises. Then I go to the bathroom, take a warm shower and clean my teeth. After that I go to my bedroom to get dressed.
At a quarter past seven I am ready to have my breakfast. As a rule, I have a quick light breakfast which consists of a cup of coffee or tea, a boiled egg, and a cheese or a sausage sandwich. After breakfast I take my bag and leave for school.
As my school is not far from my house, it takes me 10 minutes to get there. I usually walk there.
Six or seven lessons a day is the ordinary timetable. The classes at school are over at about three o’clock. Twice a week I stay at school later to play tennis or I am busy with the English language club.
When I come home I have lunch, after lunch I have a rest. While resting, I listen to the music or look through the newspapers and magazines. Then I start doing my homework. It takes me about five hours to cope with my homework properly. Sometimes I help my mother about the house and do our shopping, go to the library and have private lessons in English in order to improve it.
After dinner I usually relax for some time and then go on with my homework.
As a rule, I go to bed at about 11 o’clock or even later.

Vocabulary
an early [‘з:li] riser [‘raiz∂] — «ранняя пташка»
especially [is’pe∫∂li] — особенно, в особенности, главным образом
to consist of — состоять из
timetable — расписание
to соре [кouр] with — справиться, выполнить
to relax — расслабиться, отдохнуть to go on — продолжать

Questions
1. Do you get up early? Is it easy for you to get up early?
2. Do you wake up yourself or does an alarm clock wake you up?
3. Do you do morning exercises? Do you do your morning exercises to music?
4. Which do you prefer: a hot or a cold shower in the morning?
5. How long does it take you to get dressed?
6. What time do you have breakfast?
7. What do you usually have for breakfast?
8. How long does it take you to get to school?
9. What do you do after classes?
10. How do you spend your evenings?
11. What time do you usually go to bed?

Грамматика:

Спряжение глагола to work (работать) в Future Simple Tense
(Future Indefinite Tense)
(действие будет совершаться в будущем)
I shall work I shall not work
Не will work He will not work
She will work She will not work
It will work It will not work
We shall work We shall not work
You will work You will not work
They will work They will not work
Shall I work? Yes, I shall No, I shan’t
Will he work? Yes, he will No, he won’t
Will she work? Yes, she will No, she won’t
Will it work? Yes, it will No, it won’t
Shall we work? Yes, we shall No, we shan’t
Will you work? Will they work? Yes, you will Yes, they will No, you won’t No, they won’t

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаго¬лы в Present Continuous, Present Simple или в Future Simple.
1. I (to play) chess tomorrow. 2. I (not to play) chess tomorrow. 3. You (to play) chess tomorrow? 4. He (to play) chess every day. 5. He (not to play) chess every day. 6. He (to play) chess every day? 7. They (to play) chess now. 8. They (not to play) chess now. 9. They (to play) chess now? 10. Nick (to go) to the park now. 11. Nick (to go) to school every day. 12. Nick (to go) to school tomorrow. 13. You (to come) to my place next Sunday? 14. You (to read) this book next week? 15. You (to read) books every day? 16. You (to read) a book now? 17.I (not to see) him tomorrow. 18. What you (to do) tomor¬row? 19. What your friend (to do) tomorrow? 20. Where you (to go) next summer? 21. Where you (to go) every morning? 22. Where you (to go) now? 23. Look! Mary (to dance). 24. She (to dance) every day. 25. She (to dance) tomorrow?
Задания для самостоятельного выполнения:

Опишите свой рабочий день, используя изученный материал.

Тема 1.5 Shopping

Some people like shopping, others don’t but they all have to go shopping at least once a week. Our family usually does the shopping on Saturdays or Sundays. We have a lot of supermarkets near our block of flats, but we prefer to go to the nearest «hypermarket» which sells a rich variety of items. There you can buy food, clothes, shoes, kitchen utensils, electrical goods, TV sets, computers, books, cassettes, CDs and many other things which are cheaper than in smaller shops. Besides, it has a lot of free parking space so we can park our car without any problems.
If we are tired of shopping, we can go upstairs and have a rest at McDonalds or go to the cinema which is situated in the same building. So in my opinion it’s very comfortable and amusing to do the shopping in the «hypermarket». It’s my favourite shop.
Some of my friends hate shopping. They find it boring to spend time in shops choosing the right thing. I see it differently. I enjoy shopping and I like to choose things. Most of all I like trying clothes on. We usually buy clothes in the clothes market. There is a wide choice of trendy clothes and they are cheaper than in shops.
I think I’m practical and I can spend money wisely. My Mum always gives me a free hand in choosing my clothes. She may advise and I often follow her advice. But she never says «No!» If I need some expensive clothes or shoes, we go shopping together, but I can buy such things as CDs, books, T-shirts and jewellery by myself. I also buy some food like bread or dairy products which don’t cost much.
What I find most difficult is buying a present. When I choose a thing for myself, I’m sure I’ll like it. But tastes differ. And I’m always nervous about a present I’ve bought. I like to buy books or CDs as presents because all my friends enjoy reading and listening to music.

Vocabulary
variety — ассортимент, разнообразие
item — изделие, отдельное наименование товара
kitchen utensils — кухонная посуда
cheap — дешевый
upstairs — наверх, на второй этаж
boring — скучный
tо try clothes on — примерять одежду
trendy — модный, стильный wisely — с умом
to follow the advice — следовать совету
expensive — дорогой
jewellery — ювелирные изделия
by myself — самостоятельно
dairy products — молочные продукты
to cost — стоить

Questions
1. How often do you go shopping?
2. Do you like to go shopping? Why or why not?
3. What do you like to shop for?
4. Which things do you hate to shop for?
5. What kinds of shops do you like most of all? Why?
6. If you had a lot of money, how would you spend it?
7. If you had to buy fewer things, what would you stop buying?
8. What is your favourite shop? Describe it. What does it sell?

Грамматика: Past Simple

Спряжение глагола to work (работать)
в Past Simple Tense
(Past Indefinite Tense)
правильные глаголы
(действие совершалось в прошлом )
I worked I did not work
Не worked He did not work
She worked She did not work
It worked It did not work
We worked We did not work
You worked You did not work
They worked They did not work
Did I Yes, I did No, I didn’t
work?
Did he Yes, he did No, he didn’t
work?
Did she Yes, she did No, she didn’t

work?
Did it Yes, it did No, it didn’t
work?
Did we Yes, we did No, we didn’t
work?
Did you Yes, you did No, you didn’t
work?
Did they Yes, they did No, they didn’t

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения

Перепишите следующий текст в прошедшем времени.
Boris wakes up when it is already quite light. He looks at his watch. It is a quarter to seven. Quick! Boris jumps out of bed and runs to the bath-room. He has just time to take a cold shower and I drink a glass of tea with bread and butter. He is in a hurry to catch the eight o’clock train. At the railway station he meets three other boys from his group. They all have small backpacks and fishing-rods. In less than an hour they get off the train at a small station near a wood. They walk very quickly and soon find themselves on the shore of a large lake. The boys spend the whole day there fishing, boating and swimming. They return home late at night, tired but happy.
Напишите сочинение о том, как прошел ваш выходной день, используя Past Simple.

Тема 1.6 My Family`s Meals

My family isn’t large. It consists of four members. But each member of our family has his own tastes and interests. For example, my brother is fond of sports. So early in the morning he goes jogging. That’s why he has nothing to eat before it, because it would be bad for him to eat before exercises. But when he comes back, he has a shower and is more than ready for breakfast. He always needs a cup of coffee to really wake him up. His breakfast usually consists of a bowl of cereal with milk and sugar. This he follows by toasts and juice. My father eats the same as my brother.
My mother has a lighter breakfast of just youghurt and a grapefruit. As for me, a cup of tea is enough for breakfast. And my mother sometimes scolds me for it, because it’s important to have a really good breakfast. We don’t have our main meal at lunchtime. My father takes sandwiches with him to work. To be healthy, he also eats fruit. My mother is able to be more varied in her lunches, because she is a housewife. It means that she can prepare what she likes. Her favourite dish is roast meat. As she likes to bake, there is always something tasty at home.
Our evening meal is usually eaten at 7 o’clock. The main course is often meat with vegetables. Sometimes we eat pizza or pasta with delicious sauce. We try to eat our main meal together. In our busy lives it is the one time of day when we sit down and have a good talk.

Vocabulary:
jogging — бег трусцой
cereal — овсянка
to scold — ругать
roast meat — жареное мясо

Questions:
1. What does your family have for breakfast?
2. Do you have your main meal together?
3. When do you have your main meal?
4. What do you have for supper?

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения
Расскажите, что вы едите на завтрак, обед и ужин (12-15 предл.)
Грамматика: Present Perfect.
I have done
You have done
He, she, it has done
We have done
Their have done
Раскройте скобки, поставьте глагол в Present Perfect:
1. Our son (to learn) how to read.
2. Doctors (to cure) many deadly diseases.
3. Scientists (to split) the atom.
4. You (to grow) since the last time I saw you.
5. English (to become) one of the most popular courses at the university.
6. My English really (to improve) since I took private lessons.
7. I think I (to see) that movie before.
8. He never (to travel) by train.
9. Joan (to learn) two foreign languages.
10. you (to meet) him? – No, I never (to meet) him.

Тема 1.7 Seasons and Months

A year is the average time it takes the Earth to go once round the Sun. There are months or 52 weeks or 365 days in a year. Every four years there is a leap year. It has 366 days. The names of the months are: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December. The days of the week are: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday. There are 7 days in a week, 24 hours in a day, 60 minutes in an hour and 60 seconds in a minute. There are four seasons in year — spring, summer, autumn and winter. The Sun rises in the east in the morning and sets in the west in the evening. We tell the time by means of watches and clocks.
In the times of Julius Caesar the first month of the year was March, which is now the third month. Now the first month of the year is January. It is very cold in January. The second month is February. It has twenty-eight days. Every leap year February adds on a twenty-ninth day. The third month — March is the first month of Spring. In spring the days grow longer and the weather becomes warmer. Spring like any other season has three months. June, July and August are the summer months of which July and August are the hottest ones. In summer I often go to see my friends who live in the country. When my vacation is over, I return to my native town.
In autumn the days grow shorter. The weather is bad. It often rains. December is the twelfth and last month of the year. At the same time it is the first month of winter. There is usually much snow in winter. It’s windy and frosty. But children can enjoy going skating, skiing, tobogganing, throwing snowballs and making a showman.

Vocabulary:
leap year — високосный год

Questions:
1. How much does it take for the Earth to go once round the Sun?
2. How many months are there in a year?
3. Where does the Sun rise?
4. Which month was the first in the times of Julius Caesar?
5. How many days does February have?

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения

Расскажите о вашем любимом времени года.

Грамматика: Some, any, no.
Заполните пропуски местоимениями some, any, no или none.
1. Do … foreigners work in your company? Yes, there are …
2. She hasn’t … clothes to wear to the party. No problem, I can give her …
3. Mary, there is … sugar in the sugar bowl . We had better get …
4. Are there … good movies this weekend? No, there are …
5. I want to take a shower; is there … hot water? I’m sorry, there is … hot water.

Тема 1.8 Holidays
James: Have the Easter eggs all been hidden?
Mary: Almost. There are a couple left over. I couldn’t find good hiding spots for them.
James: Psychology experts say that you should place small toys in the eggs, not just sweets.
Mary: Well, the jelly beans and chocolate bunnies had already been bought when you read that.
James: True. We wouldn’t want all those bonbons to go to waste.
Mary: Has Lucy been woken?
James: She was woken by the thunder last night but then fell asleep fast.
Mary: There’s our little girl! Good morning, sweetheart. I noticed that your Easter basket has already been found.
Lucy: I found it under the stairs! Are we going to church today?
Mary: Yes, we are. There is still a lot to do. The waffles must be made and eaten, the eggs must be boiled and dyed and the dog could be bathed. He’s coming with us afterwards.
James: How will we be preparing Easter dinner?
Mary: I’ve bought some ham and have made a potato salad. Otherwise it will be a potluck affair. Where do you want to sit in church?
James: In one of the middle pews. I like to sit underneath the fan. It keeps me cool.
Vocabulary:
Easter – Пасха
Easter basket – пасхальная корзина
to hide (hid – hidden) – прятать
jelly beans – «желе-бобы» (конфеты)
bonbons – леденцы, конфеты
waffles — вафли
to dye – красить (в другой цвет)
potluck – чем богаты, тем и рады (разг.)
Задания для самостоятельного выполнения
Расскажите о вашем любимом празднике.

Грамматика: Конструкция to be going to.
Данная конструкция является альтернативой будущему времени. Она выражает запланированное действие в будущем. Конструкция to be going to употребляется в случае, если говорящий уверен в том, что действие произойдет.
I am going to go to the theatre. – Я собираюсь в театр.
They are going to have dinner at 7:30 p.m. – Они будут обедать в 7:30.
Составьте предложения по образцу.
I’m going to walk in the park.
1. (to see a show)________________.
2. (to make a connection)__________.
3. (to listen to music)_____________.
4. (to go to the bank)_____________.
5. (to live in London)____________.
6. (to understand a conversation)____.

Раздел 2

Тема 2.1 Russia
The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. It occupies about one-seventh of the earth’s surface. It covers the eastern part of Europe and the northern part of Asia. It is total area is about 17 million square kilometres. The country is washed by 12 seas of 3 oceans: the Pacific, the Arctic and the Atlantic. In the south Russia borders on China, Mongolia, Korea, Kazakhstan, Georgia and Azerbaijan. In the west it borders on Norway, Finland, the Baltic States, Byelorussia and Ukraine. It also has a sea-border with the USA.
There is hardly a country in the world where such a variety of scenery and vegetation can be found. We have steppes in the south, plains and forests in the midland, tundra and taiga in the north, highlands and deserts in the east.
There are two great plains in Russia: the Great Russian Plain and the West Siberian Lowland. There are several mountain chains on the territory of the country: the Urals, the Caucasus, the Altai and others. The largest mountain chain, the Urals, separates Europe from Asia.
There are over two million rivers in Russia. Europe’s biggest river, the Volga, flows into the Caspian Sea. The main Siberian rivers — the Ob, the Yenisei and the Lena — flow from the south to the north. The Amur in the Far East flows into Pacific Ocean.
Russia is rich in beautiful lakes. The world’s deepest lake (1,600 meters) is a Lake Baikal.
It is much smaller than the Baltic Sea, but there is much more water in it than in the Baltic Sea. The water in the lake is so clear that if you look down you can count the stones on the bottom.
Russia has one-sixth of the world’s forests. They are concentrated in the European north of the country, in Siberia and in the Far East.
On the vast territory of the country there are various types of climate, from arctic in the north to subtropical in the south. In the middle of the country the climate is temperate and continental.
Russia is very rich in oil, coal, iron ore, natural gas, copper, nickel and other mineral resources.
Russia is a parliamentary republic. The Head of State is the President. The legislative powers are exercised by the Duma. The capital of Russia is Moscow. It is its largest political, scientific, cultural and industrial centre. It is one of the oldest Russian cities.
But in spite of the problems Russia is facing at present, there are a lot of opportunities for this country to become one of the leading countries in the world.

Vocabulary
to occupy [‘okjupai] — занимать
to border — граничить
variety [v∂’rai∂ti] — многообразие, разнообразие
plain — равнина
highlands — горная местность
mountain chain — горная цепь
bottom — дно
temperate — умеренный
coal — (каменный) уголь
iron ore [‘ai∂no:] — железная руда
copper — медь
legislative [‘ledзjisд∂tiv] — законодательный
in spite of — несмотря на
opportunity — благоприятная возможность

Questions
1. What is the largest country in the world?
2. What is geographical position of the Russian Federation?
3. What plains, mountain chains, lakes and rivers are there on the territory of the country?
4. What is Europe’s biggest river?
5. Where are forests concentrated?
6. What types of climate are there on the territory of the country?
7. What natural resources is Russia rich in?
8. What is Russia from the political point of view?

Грамматика: СТЕПЕНИ СРАВНЕНИЯ ПРИЛАГАТЕЛЬНЫХ

Односложные и двусложные прилагательные
Положительная Сравнительная степень Превосходная степень
small smaller the smallest
large larger the largest
big bigger the biggest
happy happier the happiest

Многосложные прилагательные
Положительная степень Сравнительная степень Превосходная степень
interesting тоге interesting the most interesting
beautiful more beautiful the most beautiful

Запомните особые случаи образования степеней сравнения
Сравнительная степень Превосходная степень
elder older the eldest the oldest
farther the farthest
better the best
worse the worst

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения
Раскройте скобки, употребляя тре¬бующуюся форму прилагательного.
1. This man is (tall) than that one. 2. Asia is (large) than Australia. 3. The Volga is (short) than the Mississippi. 4. Which building is the (high) in Moscow? 5. Mary is a (good) student than Lucy.6, The Alps are (high) than the Urals. 7. This gar¬den is the (beautiful) in our town. 8. She speaks Italian (good) than English. 9. Is the word «newspa¬per» (long) than the word «book»? 10. The Thames is (short) than the Volga. 11. The Arctic Ocean is (cold) than the Indian Ocean. 12. Chinese is (diffi-cult) than English. 13. Spanish is (easy) than Ger¬man. 14. She is not so (busy) as I am. 15. It is as (cold) today as it was yesterday. 16. She is not so (fond) of sports as my brother is. 17. Today the weather is (cold) than it was yesterday. 18. This book is (interesting) of all I have read this year. 19. January is the (cold) month of the year. 20. My sister speaks English (bad) than I do. 21. Which is the (hot) month of the year? 22. Which is the (beau¬tiful) place in this part of the country? 23. This nice-looking girl is the (good) student in our group.

Тема 2.2 Volgograd
Volgograd is a well-known hero city. It was founded as a fortress on the left-bank of the Volga in 1589 and was called Tsaritsin. Later on the fortress was destroyed and a new city was built on the right bank of the Volga. In 1925 it was renamed Stalingrad and since 1961 – Volgograd.
In 1941 the creative work of the Stalingradians was interrupted by the attack of the fascist invaders. It was here on the banks of the Volga, that there was fought the greatest battle in the history of mankind, which ended in a complete rout of the 3 hundred thousand strong Nazi army. When the enemy was beaten away from the walls of Stalingrad, the city lay in a heap of smoking ruins. It was called “the city without addresses”. As soon as the battle was over, the people began to restore the city.
One of the most famous sights of the city is the Destroyed Mill eith black holes instead of windows and with half ruined walls. It’a monument to the defence of the city. The Volgogradians are proud of the city’s Central Embankment, which is connected with the Square of Fallen Fighters by the Alley of Heroes. The Square of Fallen Fighters is surrounded by such sights as the New Experimental Theatre, hotels “Volgograd” and “Intourist”, the Central Post-office, the department store where Paulus was captured and the Medical Academy. On the Square the Eternal Flame burns in memory of those who died in the fateful days of the Civil War. The Square of Fallen Fighters is crossed by the short, green and cosy Mira Street.
But the main sight in our city is the Mamaev Hill. The most fierce battle took place here, because it’s highest point of the city and it was convenient to control the most part of th city from there including the river. The main monument of the memorial complex is the statue of the Motherland.
Also there is a very interesting Panorama Museum which reproduces one day of the battle. The person feels to be inside the battle, because the pictures and the figures surround him.
Volgograd is one of the largest centres of industry in Russia. Many factories and plants have been built here after the 2nd World War, The Tractor Plant and the Red October Plant are the greatest. There are a lot of higher schools , 4 theatres, many cinemas, Palaces of Culture and other cultural institutions in Volgograd.
And it was in Stalingrad that the idea of twin-cities arose. The first twinned cities were Stalingrad and Coventry in Great Britain. Our city is the symbol of heroic past and happy future and it calls for peace.
Vocabulary:
a fortress – крепость
to destroy -разрушать
to rename -переименовать
to interrupt – прерывать
fascist invaders – фашистские захватчики
battle – битва
mankind – человечество
Nazi army – нацистская армия
enemy – враг
smoking ruins -дымящиеся руины
to restore -заново отстраивать
the Destroyed Mill -Разрушенная мельница
Central Embankment – Центральная набережная
the Square of Fallen Fighters -площадь Павших борцов
the Alley of Heroes – аллея Героев
the Eternal Flame – Вечный огонь
the Mamaev Hill -Мамаев Курган
twinned cities – города — побратимы

Questions:
1. When was Volgograd founded?
2. When was Volgograd renamed?
3. What can you tell about the greatest battle of mankind?
4. How was Volgograd called when the enemy was beaten away?
5. What is one of the most famous sights in Volgograd?
6. What are the Volgogradians proud of?
7. What burns on the Square of Fallen Fighters?
8. What is the Square of Fallen Fighters crossed by?
9. What is the main sight in Volgograd?
10. What is the main monument of the memorial complex?
11. Why is Volgograd one of the largest centres of industry in Russia?
12. Name the first twinned cities.

PASSIVE VOICE
1 to be + III форма, глагола
Спряжение глагола to take ( брать, отводить) во временах группы
Simple в Passive Voice
Present Simple Passive

I am taken

He is taken

I am not taken

He is not taken

She is not taken

It is not taken

We are not taken

You are not taken

They are not taken

Am I taken?

Is he taken?

Is she taken?

Is it taken?

Are we taken?

Are you taken?

Are they taken?

She is taken

It is taken

We are taken

You are taken

They are taken

Past
I was taken
He was taken
She was taken
It was taken
We were taken
You were taken
They were taken
Simple Passive
I was not taken
He was not taken
She was not taken
It was not taken
We were not taken
You were not taken
They were not taken

Was I taken?
Was he taken?
Was she taken?
Was it taken?
Were we taken?
Were you taken?
Were they taken?

Future Simple Passive
I shall not be taken
He will not be taken
She will not be taken
It will not be taken
We shall not be taken
You will not be taken
They will not be taken Shall I be taken?
Will he be taken?
Will she be taken?
Will it be taken?
Shall we be taken?
Will you be taken?
Will they be taken?

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения
Расскажите о городе-герое Волгограде (12-15 предл.)

Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла¬голы в Present, Past или Future Simple Passive.
1. Bread (to eat) every day. 2. The letter (to receive) yesterday. 3. Nick (to send) to Moscow next week. 4. I (to ask) at the lesson yesterday. 5. I (to give) a very interesting book at the library last Friday. 6. Many houses (to build) in our town every year. 7. This work (to do) tomorrow. 8. This text (to translate) at the last lesson. 9. These trees (to plant) last autumn. 10. Many interesting games always (to play) at our PT lessons. 11. This bone (to give) to my dog tomorrow. 12. We (to invite) to a concert last Saturday. 13. My question (to an¬swer) yesterday. 14. Hockey (to play) in winter. 15. Mushrooms (to gather) in autumn. 16. Many houses (to burn) during the Great Fire of London. 17. His new book (to finish) next year. 18. Flowers (to sell) in shops and in the streets. 19. St. Peters-burg (to found) in 1703.

Тема 2.3 Moscow

The capital city of the Russian Federation is Moscow. It is one of the largest cities in the world. More than 83,4 million people live in Moscow. Moscow is the cultural, communications, government, industrial, scientific, and transportation centre of Russia. It lies in western Russia, in the European part of the country. The Moscow River, for which the city was named, flows through the city. Moscow was founded during 12th century. Moscow emerged as the most powerful Russian city in the late 1400’s. The princes of Moscow played a leading role in uniting various Russian lands and in conquering non-Russian peoples and territories. Moscow became the capital of the Russian Empire and was the home of Russia’s czars until 1712, when the capital was moved to St. Petersburg. Moscow again became the Russian capital in 1918, after the Bolsheviks (later called Communists) took control of the country. In 1922, Russia and three other republics united to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Moscow was chosen as the Soviet capital The Communists lost power in the Soviet Union in August 1991. In December, the Soviet Union was dissolved. Russia and other former Soviet republics became independent countries. Most of the republics, including Russia, formed Commonwealth of Independent States. Moscow remained the capital of Russia. The city of Minsk, in Belarus, was named headquarters of the commonwealth. Moscow is built in the shape of a wheel. This shape can be traced to the city’s early history, when rings of fortifications were built to protect it from attack. Today, wide boulevards extend from the city’s centre, forming the spokes of the wheel. They cross circular boulevards, which make up the inner and outer rims of the wheel. A major highway circles Moscow. Past the highway lies the Green Belt, a ring of forests and parks covering about 1,800 square kilometres.
The oldest and busiest sections of Moscow lie near the Kremlin, a huge walled fortress at the city’s historic centre. Just to the north and east of the Kremlin is the main business, commercial, and administrative district. Encircling this area and the Kremlin are Moscow’s main shopping streets and many cultural buildings. Most of the city’s new residential and industrial districts lie in the outermost rings At the city’s heart on the banks of the River Moscow lies the Kremlin, a walled fortress housing all the government buildings. Nearby St. Basil’s Cathedral was built in the 16th century to celebrate a military victory; it is now a museum.

Vocabulary
to found [faund] — начинать строительство, закладывать (фундамент, город) основывать, учреждать; создавать
to emerge [i’mз:dз] — появляться; перен. вставать, возникать
to conquer [‘koηk∂] — завоевывать, покорять; порабощать
to dissolve [di’zolv] — прекращать деятельность, распускать (партию, парламент, аннулировать, расторгать, разрушать
headquarters [,hed’kwo:tez] — штаб-квартира главное управление, центр; центральный орган
wheel [wi:l] — колесо
to trace — прослеживать(ся); восходить к определенному источнику или периоду в прошлом (to, back to)
to protect [pr∂’tekt] — защищать (from — от, against — против); охранять, ограждать; предохранять
a spoke — спица (колеса)
a rim — что-л., представляющее собой цилиндрическую поверхность; обод, (наружная часть колеса)
huge [hju:dз] — большой, гигантский, громадный, огромный
outermost [‘aut∂m∂ust] — самый дальний от середины, от центра, крайний
to expand [iks’pænd] — расширять(ся); увеличивать(ся) в объеме, в размерах

Questions
1. What is the capital city of the Russian Federation?
2. Where is Moscow situated?
3. When was Moscow founded?
4. How many times did it become the capital?
5. In what shape is Moscow built?
6. What is the Kremlin?
7. What is there at the city’s heart?

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения
Расскажите о Москве -столице России (12-15 предл.)
Грамматика: Словообразование.
В английском языке существуют следующие способы образования новых слов: словосложение, словопроизводство и конверсия.
Словосложение — это соединение двух слов в одно с образованием нового слова. Примеры сложных существительных: schoolchildren, postman, newspaper.
Словопроизводство — это образование нового слова с помощью суффиксов и префиксов.
Конверсия — переход слов из одной части речи в другую без изменения формы слова и произношения: water – вода, to water — поливать; limit — предел, to limit — ограничивать и т.д.
Образуйте новые слова с помощью суффиксов и префиксов, переведите их.
to teach – teacher
to write, to weld, to produce, to discuss, to include, to move, to develop, to replace, to build, to meet, happy, ill, dark, to sail, to connect, to educate, to create, friend, leader, fellow, weak, cold, bright, free.

Тема 2.4 Great Britain

The full name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland, and a great number of small islands. Their total area is over 314 000 sq. km. The British Isles are separated from the European continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. Northern Ireland occupies one third of the island of Ireland. It borders on the Irish Republic in the south. The island of Great Britain consists of three main parts: England (the southern and middle part of the island), Wales (a mountainous peninsula in the West) and Scotland (the northern part of the island).
There are no high mountains in Great Britain. In the north the Cheviots separate England from Scotland, the Pennines stretch down North England along its middle, the Cambrian mountains occupy the greater part of Wales and the Highlands of Scotland are the tallest of the British mountains. There is very little flat country except in the region known as East Anglia. Most of the rivers flow into the North Sea. The Thames is the deepest and the longest of the British rivers. Some of the British greatest ports are situated in the estuaries of the Thames, Mersey, Trent and Bristol Avon. Great Britain is not very rich in mineral resources, it has some deposits of coal and iron ore and vast deposits of oil and gas that were discovered in the North Sea.
The warm currents of the Atlantic Ocean influence the climate of Great Britain. Winters are not severely cold and summers are rarely hot. The population of the United Kingdom is over 58 million people. The main nationalities are: English, Welsh, Scottish and Irish. In Great Britain there are a lot of immigrants from former British Asian and African colonies. Great Britain is a highly industrialized country. New industries have been developed in the last three decades. The main industrial centres are London, Birmingham, Manchester, Leeds, Liverpool, Glasgow and Bristol. The capital of the country is London. The United Kingdom is a parliamentary monarchy.

Vocabulary:

isle — остров
island — остров
to separate — разделять
European — европейский
the English Channel — Ла-Манш
to be washed by — омываться
to border on — граничить с…
to consist of — состоять из…
mountainous peninsula — гористый полуостров
to stretch — простираться
estuary — устье реки
deposits — залежи
iron ore — железная руда
to discover — обнаруживать
current — течение
severely- чрезвычайно
decade — десятилетие
monarchy — монархия

Questions:

1. Where is the United Kingdom situated
2. What islands do the British Isles consist of?
3. What ocean and seas are the British Isles washed by?
4. How many parts does the Island of Great Britain consist of and what are they called?
5. What country does Northern Ireland border on?
6. Are there any high mountains in Great Britain?
7. What sea do most of the rivers flow into?
8. What mineral resources is Great Britain rich in?
9. What is the climate like in Great Britain?
10.What is the population of Great Britain?
11.What city is the capital of the U. K.?
12. What kind of state is Great Britain?

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения

Опишите географическое положение, население и языки Соединенного Королевства Великобритании и Северной Ирландии (варианты выполнения – устный рассказ или презентация).

Грамматика: Неличные формы глаголов.
Грамматические конструкции с инфинитивом.
Формы инфинитива
Active Passive
Indefinite (Simple) to write to be written
Continuous to be writing —
Perfect to have written to have been written
Perfect Continuous to have been writing —

I. Раскройте скобки.
1. He made me (do) it all over again.
2. Her father made her (learn) the lessons.
3. If you want us (make) the work quickly you should let us (start) at once.
4. Would you like me (read) now?
5. They won’t let us (leave) the classroom till our control work has been checked.
6. He wouldn’t let the children (play) in his study.
7. Please let me (know) the results of your exam as soon as possible.
8. The teacher advised us (use) dictionaries.
9. I want her (learn) English.
10. I saw him (go out) of the house.
11. Her father doesn’t allow her (go) to the cinema alone.
12. We don’t want you (tell) anything.

II.Переведите на русский язык и выделите инфинитив.
1. To live is to work and to study. 2. He wanted to study English. 3. The lesson to be read at home is not difficult. 4. Our task is to study. 5. I want to become a good specialist.
Forming a Government. The Cabinet.

The party which wins the most seats in the General Election forms the government in Britain. The leader of the winning party becomes Prime Minister. As leaders of their political parties and leaders of the country, Prime Ministers are powerful because they have the majority support in Parliament and they can choose their own ministers and government. The PM chooses a committee of ministers called the Cabinet. This is made up of a selection of senior MPs from the House of Commons and some members of the House of Lords. Each member of the Cabinet is a minister responsible for a government department: for example, the Secretary of State for Education and Science is responsible for all the schools, universities and teachers in Britain. The Cabinet of ministers runs the country. The Cabinet meets at the Prime Minister’s house — 10 Downing Street. The cabinet works as a team and all ministers must accept the decisions of the «group». The team of ministers must always agree in public because they are collectively responsible for the decisions they make. If a minister cannot agree with all the others, he usually resigns from the cabinet. Cabinet meetings are held in private and the details must remain secret for at least 30 years. Margaret Thatcher tried to change this style of the Cabinet and was forced to resign when the other ministers could not agree with her. Cabinet ministers cannot, however, do as they please! They are responsible to Parliament and must answer questions from backbenchers from the House of Commons. Even the Prime Minister must answer questions every Tuesday and Thursday in the Commons — this is called Prime Ministers Question Time. Everyone wants to know what has been decided behind the closed doors of the Cabinet Room.

Vocabulary:
support — поддержка
senior — старший (по возрасту или по положению)
to be responsible — отвечать за
to run — управлять
to resign — уйти в отставку
backbencher — рядовой член парламента

Questions:
1. Which party forms the government?
2. Who becomes Prime Minister?
3. Why are Prime Ministers powerful?
4. Where does the Cabinet meet?
5. What did Margaret Thatcher try to do?
6. Why was Margaret Thatcher forced to resign?
7. Whose questions must Cabinet ministers answer?
8. What does everyone want to know?

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения

Тема 2.5 London

London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and cultural centre. It’s one of the largest cities in the world. Its population is more than million people. London is situated on the river Thames. The city is very old and beautiful. It was founded more than two thousand years ago. Traditionally London is divided into several parts: the City, the West End, the East End and Westminster. The City is the oldest part of London, its financial and business centre. The heart of the City is the Stock Exchange. Westminster is the most important part of the capital. It’s the administrative centre. The Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Government, are there. It’s a very beautiful building with two towers and a very big clock called Big Ben. Big Ben is really the bell which strikes every quarter of an hour. Opposite the Houses of Parliament is Westminster Abbey. It’s a very beautiful church built over 900 years ago. The tombs of many great statesmen, scientists and writers are there.
To the west of Westminster is West End. Here we find most of the big shops, hotels, museums, art galleries, theatres and concert halls. Picadilly Circus is the heart of London’s West End. In the West End there are wide streets with beautiful houses and many parks, gardens and squares. To the east of Westminster is the East End, an industrial district of the capital. There are no parks or gardens in the East End and you can’t see many fine houses there. Most of the plants and factories are situated there. London has many places of interest. One of them is Buckingham Palace. It’s the residence of the Queen. The English are proud of Trafalgar Square, which was named so in memory of the victory at the battle. There in 1805 the English fleet defeated the fleet of France and Spain. The last place of interest I should like to mention is the British Museum, the biggest museum in London. The museum is famous for its library -one of the richest in the world. All London’s long-past history is told by its streets. There are many streets in London which are known all over the world. Among them Oxford Street, Downing Street and a lot of others can be mentioned. And tourists are usually attracted not only by the places of interest but by the streets too. In conclusion I should say if you are lucky enough to find yourself in London some day you will have a lot to see and enjoy there.

Vocabulary:
tower — башня
tomb — могила
battle — битва
in conclusion — в заключение

Questions:
1. When was London founded?
2. Into which parts is London divided?
3. What is the heart of the City?
4. Do you know any places of interest in London?
5. All London’s history is told by its streets, isn’t it?

Грамматика: Грамматические конструкции с герундием.
Формы герундия
Active Passive
Indefinite (Simple) writing being written
Perfect having written having been written

Переведите на русский язык, обра¬щая внимание на герундий.
1. Have you finished writing? 2. Taking a cold shower in the morning is very useful. 3. I like skiing, but my sister prefers skating. 4. She likes sitting in the sun. 5. It looks like raining. 6. My watch wants repairing. 7. Thank you for coming. 8. I had no hope of getting an answer before the end of the month. 9.1 had the pleasure of dancing with her the whole evening. 10. Let’s go boating. 11. He talked without stopping. 12. Some people can walk all day without feeling tired. 13. Living in little stuffy rooms means breathing poisonous air. 14. Iron is found by digging in the earth. 15. There are two ways of getting sugar: one from beet and the other from sugar-cane. 16. Jane Eyre was fond of reading. 17. Miss Trotwood was in the habit of asking Mr. Dick his opinion.
Задания для самостоятельного выполнения
Подготовка реферата или презентации о Лондоне.

Тема 2.6 Famous English

Conan Doyle

Many years ago a young doctor began to write stories about a man who was a detective. Readers liked his stories because they were very interesting and the doctor decided to become a writer. The doctor was Conan Doyle and he wrote about Sherlock Holmes. Conan Doyle wrote his first story about Sherlock Holmes in 1887. In this story the detective meets his friend Dr. Watson. Holmes and Watson lived at 221 В Baker Street in London.
Many discussions take place about where 221 В was. There is no house there now. But a large company has its office near the place. This company answers twenty or so letters which still come every week to Sherlock Holmes, 221 В Baker Street. Most come from the United States and many people ask if Mr. Holmes can help them with some problem. The company answers saying that, «Mr. Sherlock Holmes is no longer working as a detective».
There is a pub in London called Sherlock Holmes. One of the rooms in the pub is Sherlock Holmes* room. It has many things the room in Conan Doyle’s stories had — Holmes’ hat, some letters written to Sherlock Holmes, chairs and tables like those described in the stories. Besides, there are some pictures of Holmes and Conan Doyle, of actors who played Holmes and Watson in films, on television and radio. In 1961 lovers of Sherlock Holmes formed the Sherlock Holmes Society. They meet three or four times a year to talk about Sherlock Holmes. The members of the Society know the stories about Sherlock» Holmes very well, and they discuss, these stories at their meetings.

Vocabulary:
discussions — обсуждения
to take place — происходить

Questions:

1. Why did readers like Conan Doyle’s stories?
2. When did Conan Doyle first write about Sherlock Holmes?
3. What did lovers of Sherlock Holmes form?
4. What do the lovers of Sherlock Holmes do at their meetings?

Charles Dickens

Charles Dickens was born in 1812. He lived in the south of England when he was a little boy. His father worked in an office. He was a very clever man, but he was very poor. Charles had many brothers and sisters, but he did not often play with them. His father had many books and Charles liked to read them. He learned to read very early. When Charles was 10 years old, his family went to London. There his father got into debt (as he had little money) and then into debtor’s prison. So little Charles began to work when he was ten. That was the beginning of Charles’ hard life.
He worked at a small factory in London, pasting labels on blacking bottles. He had to work in a dirty room with no windows. He did not like his work, but he had to work at the factory for two years. Then he went to school for three years, but he did not learn much at school. He learned much at home, from his father and from other clever people. Later he worked as a reporter to the Parliament and became a writer of short stories. In 1837 he published his first novel «The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club». And the young reporter became a famous writer. Then he published novel after novel — «Oliver Twist», «Dombey and Son», «David Copperfield» and many other good books.
His books are very interesting, they tell us about the hard life of the poor people in England of that time. When we read his books, we sometimes laugh, but we often want to cry. Charles Dickens died in 1870. He is one of the greatest novelists in the English literature. Dickens lived more than a hundred years ago, but people in the whole world like to read his books today, because in his books he showed a real world and people of Victorian England.

Vocabulary:
to get into debt — залезть в долги
to cry — плакать
poor — бедный
prison — тюрьма

Questions:

1. Where did Charles Dickens live?
2. Where did his father work?
3. When did his family go to London?
4. Why did Charles have to work?
5. What novel did Charles Dickens publish in 1837?
6. What do his books tell us about?
7. What did Charles Dickens show in his books?

Причастие. Причастие I, образованное при помощи окончания –ing, имеет активную и пассивную формы:
Несовершенный вид Совершенный вид
Active asking having asked
Passive being asked having been asked
Причастие II всегда пассивно. Образуется оно прибавлением суффикса –ed к основе правильного глагола или путем чередования звуков в корне неправильного глагола. The book translated from English is very interesting.
В предложении Participle I может выполнять функции определения и обстоятельства. В функции определения причастие I может переводиться причастием, оканчивающимся на –ущий, -ющий, -ащий, -ящий: the sitting girl – сидящая девушка; а также переводится причастным оборотом или определительным придаточным предложением: The girl sitting in the room is my sister. – Девушка, сидящая в комнате, — моя сестра.
В функции обстоятельства Participle I переводится деепричастием: Reading your translation I found some mistakes. – Читая ваш перевод, я нашел несколько ошибок; обстоятельственным придаточным предложением: When reading your translation I found some mistakes. – Когда я читал ваш перевод, я нашел несколько ошибок; существительным с предлогом «при»: While reading your translation I found some mistakes. – При чтении вашего перевода я нашел несколько ошибок.
Определите функцию Participle I и переведите на русский язык.
1. I like the girl standing at the window. 2. Standing at the window I could see playing children. 3. Studying at the technical school he was interested in English. 4. People living one hundred years ago knew nothing of radio. 5. When studying at the institute he was interested in biology. 6. Take the book from a girl sitting on the sofa. 7. She is a loving mother.
Переведите предложения.
1. There is a house built in our street. 2. The materials used were not of good quality. 3. The vegetables bought were fresh. 4. The letters sent yesterday by e-mail were not received. 5. I live in the house built two years ago. 6. I must do the written translation of this text. 7. I like the girl asked at the English lesson. 8. The translation written by this girl is good.

Тема 2.7 Summer and Winter Sports

People all over the world are very fond of sports and games. That is one of the things in which people of every nationality and class are united. The most popular outdoor winter sports are shooting, hunting, hockey and, in the countries where the weather is frosty and there is much snow — skating, skiing and tobogganing. It’s so nice to go to the skating-rink on a frosty sunny day. Some people prefer to be out of town in such weather and to sledge or to ski in the woods. Many people greatly enjoy figure-skating and ski-jumping. Summer affords excellent opportunities for swimming, boating, yachting, cycling, gliding and many other sports. Among outdoor games football takes the first place in public interests; this game is played in all the countries of the world. The other games that have firmly established themselves in favour in different countries are cricket, volley-ball, basketball, and so on. Badminton is also very popular both with young and old.
All the year round many people indulge in boxing, wrestling, gymnastics and track and field events. Scores of young girls and women go in for callisthenics. Over the last few years aerobics has become popular with young girls and women. Aerobics helps them to be slim, healthy and strong. The interest for it greatly increased thanks to Jane Fonda, a prominent American actress, the founder of this kind of sport. This woman may serve as an impressive example of inexhaustible health, cheerfulness and beauty. Being a great enthusiast of aerobics she has been trying to initiate many women all over the world into this sport.
Among indoor games which one can go in all the year round are billiards, table tennis, draughts, chess, of course. The results of chess tournamets are studied and discussed by enthusiasts in different countries. So we have all grounds to say that sport is one of the things that makes people kin.

Vocabulary:
to be fond of smth. — любить, нравиться
to unite — объединять
outdoor winter sports — зимние виды спорта на открытом воздухе
shooting — стрельба
hunting — охота
tobogganing — санный спорт
to sledge — кататься на санках
yachting — парусный спорт
gliding — планерный спорт
to establish oneself in favour — стать в почете
lawn-tennis — теннис
track and field events — легкая атлетика
scores of young girls and women — множество девушек и женщин
calisthenics — ритмическая гимнастика
indoor games — игры в закрытом помещении
impressive example — замечательный пример
inexhaustible — неисчерпаемый
cheerfulness — бодрость
enthusiast — энтузиаст
to initiate — приобщить кого-то к чему-то
tournament, — турнир, спортивное соревнование

Questions:
1. What are people all over the world fond of?
2. What unites people of every nationality?
3. Why do people prefer to be out of town on a frosty sunny day?
4. What are the most popular outdoor winter sports?
5. What opportunities for sports does summer afford?
6. What game takes the first place in public interest?
7. When do many people indulge in boxing, wrestling, athletics, gymnastics?
8. Who goes in for calisthenics?
9. Why is chess the great international game?

Грамматика: Грамматические конструкции с инфинитивом и герундием
Переведите на русский язык, обра¬щая внимание на герундий.
1.Have you finished writing? 2. Taking a cold shower in the morning is very useful. 3. I like skiing, but my sister prefers skating. 4. She likes sitting in the sun. 5. It looks like raining. 6. My watch wants repairing. 7. Thank you for coming. 8. I had no hope of getting an answer before the end of the month. 9.1 had the pleasure of dancing with her the whole evening. 10. Let’s go boating. 11. He talked without stopping. 12. Some people can walk all day without feeling tired. 13. Living in little stuffy rooms means breathing poisonous air. 14. Iron is found by digging in the earth. 15. There are two ways of getting sugar: one from beet and the other from sugar-cane. 16. Jane Eyre was fond of reading. 17. Miss Trotwood was in the habit of asking Mr. Dick his opinion.
Задания для самостоятельного выполнения

Расскажите о Вашем любимом виде спорта (12-15 предл.)

Тема 2.8 Choosing an Occupation

One of the most difficult problems a young person faces is deciding what to do about a career. There are individuals, of course, who from the time they are six years old «know» that they want to be doctors or pilots or fire fighters, but the majority of us do not get around to making a decision about an occupation or career until somebody or something forces us to face the problem.
Choosing an occupation takes time, and there are a lot of things you have to think about as you try to decide what you would like to do. You may find that you will have to take special education in Czechia to qualify for a particular kind of work, or may find out that you will need to get some actual work experience to gain enough knowledge to qualify for a particular job.
Fortunately, there are a lot of people you can turn to for advice and help in making your decision. At most schools, there are teachers who are professionally qualified to counsel you and to give detailed information about job qualifications. And you can talk over your ideas with family members and friends who are always ready to listen and to offer suggestions. But even if you get other people involved in helping you make a decision, self evaluation is an important part of the decision-making process.

Vocabulary
to make a decision — принять решение
to force — заставлять, принуждать, вынуждать
qualify [‘kwolifai] for — готовиться к какой-л. деятельности; приобретать какую-л. квалификацию; получать право (на что-либо)
to counsel [‘kauns∂l] — давать совет; советовать, рекомендовать
self evaluation [i,vælju’ei∫n] —самооценка

Questions
1. What is the most difficult problem for a young person?
2. Why don’t the majority of young people know what they want to be?
3. When do they make a decision about an occupation?
4. What things do you have to think about when choosing an occupation?
5. What should one do to qualify for a particular job?
6. Whom can you turn to for advice when making your decision?
7. What is the most important part of the decision-making process?

Грамматика: Предлоги в английском языке.
Предлоги места: above, after, against, among, around, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, by, close to, in front of, in, inside, near, next to, on, opposite, outside, over, underneath, within.
Предлоги направления: across, along, down, from, into, off, onto, out of, past, round, through, to, towards, under, up.
Предлоги времени: about, after, all, almost, at, before, by, during, for, from, in, on, throughout, untill.
Переведите предложения с примерами употребления предлогов.
1. John’s house is next to Jane’s house. 2. The sun is above the clouds. 3. The sofa is against the wall. 4. The bank is beside the cinema. 5. It’s dangerous to run across the road. 6. She walked along the street. 7. The car is in front of the road. 8. Our house is by the river. 9. Eva sat opposite Tom at the table. 10. The child ran towards his father. 11. She went up the stairs.
My Future Profession

There are many interesting and useful professions and it is really not an easy task to choose the right one.
I began to think about my future profession at the age of 15. My favourite subjects at school were mathematics and English. My teachers were well-educated people with broad outlook and deep knowledge of the subjects. They encouraged me in my desire to become a lawyer. Now I know well what I’m going to do after leaving school. I didn’t make a blind choice. It was not a sudden flash either. I opted for a career in science of law. I came to this decision little by little. It was my father who aroused my interest in that field. You see, he is a chief lawyer at a large plant and I often saw him work at home and discuss matters of law with his colleagues. Later I got interested in the matter.
Law is the science of making choices, which is based upon the facts of our everyday life. Lawyers study our everyday life and the system, which affects it.
To become a good specialist in law matters one must know many sciences, such as jurisprudence, law, statistics, theory of state and law and philosophy, mathematics, as well as management, criminal law and, of course, civil law.
It is very important for a specialist in law to be a skilful user of computers and to speak at least one foreign language. It should better be English as it is the most popular language of international business communication. You’ll be able to follow law developments in the world by listening to radio and TV news, by reading newspapers or magazines, or by getting in contact with your law partners abroad.
If I pass my entrance exams successfully and enter the University I’ll try to study to the best of my abilities to achieve my life’s ambition and to justify the hopes of my parents. I also hope that I’ll never regret my choice and get a well-paid and interesting job afterwards.
Maybe I should consider a job in a court. There’s a surprisingly wide range to choose from, in the law world. For example, I could work for a big international company, run my own company, write about law as a journalist, run my own International Law Research Agency, raise money for charities or just sell famous paintings…

Vocabulary
broad outlook — широкая перспектива
to encourage me in my desire — поощрять меня в моем желании
a blind [blaind] choice — слепой выбор
a sudden flash — внезапная вспышка
to opt — выбирать(решить)
to arise — возникать
to get interested in — заинтересовываться
to affect — затрагивать
to be concerned — быть заинтересованным
to justify the hopes of my parents — оправдывать надежды моих родителей
wide range — широкий диапазон, круг, область, сфера
to run — управлять
to raise money for charities — собирать деньги на благотворительность

Questions
1. When did you start to think about your future profession?
2. What professions do you like best of all?
3. Who helped you to make your choice?
4. What do you know about your future profession?
5. What are your parents’ professions ?
6. What do you know about them?
7. Have you got any traditional professions in your family?
8. Is your future profession interesting and modern?

Задания для самостоятельного выполнения:
Расскажите о своей профессии.

КОНТРОЛЬ И ОЦЕНКА РЕЗУЛЬТАТОВ
ОСВОЕНИЯ ДИСЦИПЛИНЫ

Текущий контроль

Перечень точек рубежного контроля:
• Промежуточная зимняя сессия (декабрь)
• Промежуточная летняя сессия (май)
• Промежуточная зимняя сессия (декабрь)

Итоговый контроль по дисциплине

Вопросы к дифференцированному зачету:

1. Сделайте устное сообщение по заданной теме.
1. Моя биография.
2. Моя квартира.
3. Мой рабочий день.
4. Покупки.
5. Еда.
6. Времена года.
7. Праздники и традиции Великобритании.
8. Россия. Географическое положение, ландшафт, природные ископаемые.
9. Волгоград.
10. Москва.
11. Великобритания: географическое положение, население, языки.
12. Великобритания: политическая система. Королева и Парламент.
13. Лондон и его история.
14. Достопримечательности Лондона.
15. Знаменитые люди Англии.
16. Выдающиеся ученые.
17. Спорт.
18. Моя профессия.

2. Переведите со словарем текст по специальности и ответьте на вопросы преподавателя.


ИНФОРМАЦИОННОЕ ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЕ ДИСЦИПЛИНЫ

Основные источники:
1. И.П. Агабекян: Английский язык для ССУзов, учебное пособие; Москва, «Проспект», 2010.
2. И.П. Агабекян: Английский для технических ВУЗов; Ростов-на-Дону, «Феникс», 2009.
3. Ю. Голицынский; Грамматика. Сборник упражнений; Санкт-Петербург, «Каро», 2010.
4. К.Э. Эккерсли Самоучитель английского языка; Москва, ЭКСМО, 2014.

Дополнительные источники:
1. И.П. Агабекян: Английский для обслуживающего персонала; Ростов-на-Дону, «Феникс», 2008.
2. В.В. Войтенок, А.М. Войтенко: Разговорный английский; Москва, «Айрис Пресс», 2007.
3. Г. Габи, Б. Зигрид: Английский язык – практикум по грамматике; Москва, АСТ Астрель, 2006.
4. А.Я. Зеликман, Английский для юристов; Ростов н/Д: Феникс, 1999 г.
5. А.А.Ионина, А.С. Саакян Английская грамматика; Москва, «Айрис Пресс», 2005.
6. А.Ю. Кудрявцев: Русско-английский разговорник; Минск, «Современный литератор», 1999.

Интернет-ресурсы:
1. www//http: googleartproject.com
2. http://www.langust.ru/links.shtml
3. http://www.bbc.com/news/

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